HVAC stands for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning, and it is an essential part of modern building design. HVAC systems are designed to regulate indoor temperature, humidity, and air quality, ensuring that occupants are comfortable and healthy. HVAC systems can range from simple window-mounted air conditioners to complex central systems that use ductwork to distribute conditioned air throughout a building.
The heating component of an HVAC system can be provided by a furnace, boiler, or heat pump. The ventilation component involves the exchange of indoor and outdoor air, providing fresh air to occupants and removing stale air. The air conditioning component uses refrigerant to absorb heat from indoor air and release it outside, providing cool air to occupants.
Proper design, installation, and maintenance of HVAC systems are critical to their effectiveness and efficiency. Building owners and managers should work with qualified professionals to ensure that their HVAC systems are properly sized, installed, and maintained.